Colonial flintlock rifles are usually classified according to ‘school’.  A gunsmithing school is typically designated by the region where the piece was constructed.  A sample of Pennsylvania gunmaking schools include Allentown/Bethlehem, Berks, Bucks, Christian Springs, Lancaster, Lebanan and York among others.  Stock architecture, carving, engraving and other features of a rifle may be very similar to other rifles made by a maker (or a maker’s journeymen and apprentices) or other competing makers in the area.  These features may also evolve (or devolve) when a journeymen becomes a master and open his own shop.  The lineage of rifle features can sometimes be attributed to a master/apprentice relationship or location of other rifles.

The rifles in the gallery are pieces that I have made that represent styles of various schools.

  • Queen Anne Screw Barrel Pistol
York County Rifle

The architecture of this rifle were inspired by some surviving antiques that were built in York County. The carving on this rifle was modified from the carving on the Zorger rifles.

Berks County Rifle

The architecture on this rifle was inspired by some surviving rifles made in Berks County in the last quarter of the 18th century. The patchbox and side plate was inspired by the Schreit Rifle and the carving is a contemporary rendition developed by Dave Wagner.

Lancaster County Rifle

This rifle was inspired by some surviving antique pieces built by Isaac Haines in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

Queen Anne Screw Barrel Pistol

This Queen Anne Screw Barrel Pistol was built from a set of hardware that was cast from a surviving antique. The mounts are cast in silver.


The following gallery contains some accouterments that I have made to exercise some gunsmithing techniques in a different medium.

Powder Horn

Powder Horn


Powder Measure
Powder Measure